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    Document Summary
    - Report Published -

    House Document No. 14
    View PDF Version*

    Document Title
    State Spending: 2016 Update

    Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission

    Enabling Authority
    30-58.3 (A.)

    Executive Summary

    • Over the past decade, Virginia’s operating budget increased by over $14 billion (41%)—an 11% increase in general funds and a 69% increase in non-general funds. A variety of economic factors and policies contributed to this growth. With population growth of 8% from 2007 to 2015, Virginia had approximately 632,000 more residents. Inflation increased by 16% over the period while the personal income of Virginians increased by 27%.

    Adjusted for growth in population and inflation, the total budget grew by 13% over the 10-year period; non-general funds increased by 35%; and general funds decreased by 11%.

    When general funds declined in several years during the past decade, the total budget continued to increase due to the growth in non-general funds. While the annual average increase in general funds over this time period was 1.3%, the average annual increase in non-general funds was 6.1%. In FY16, non-general funds accounted for 62% of the total budget.

    The 10 largest state agencies (out of 147) accounted for 66% of the total state budget in FY16 and approximately 64% of all budget growth between FY07 and FY16. The agency experiencing the highest growth amount in total appropriations over the past decade was DMAS.

    Growth in general and non-general fund appropriations was concentrated in a few large state agencies over the past 10 years. DMAS and the Treasury Board had the highest growth amount in general funds. DMAS and VDOT had the highest non-general fund growth amounts over this time period.

    The general fund appropriations for 53 agencies either grew more slowly than inflation or declined.

    Budget growth was concentrated in nine large programs within three major areas: health care, education, and transportation. The nine programs (of 215 total programs) accounted for 64% of total budget growth.